Adverse outcome following selective termination of presenting twin vs non-presenting twin

H. Miremberg, H. Rosen, B. Weisz, D. Tirosh, R. Hershkovitz, S. Stern, S. Porat, B. Beloshevski, Y. Melcer, Y. Goldberg, N. Boms Yonai, M. Awawdeh, Z. Leibovitz, J. Shalev, L. Gindes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Data are lacking on the impact on pregnancy outcome of the position of the abnormal fetus in a discordant twin pregnancy undergoing selective termination (ST). Tissue maceration post ST of the presenting twin may lead to early rupture of membranes, amnionitis and preterm labor. The aim of this study was to evaluate pregnancy complications and outcome following ST of the presenting vs non-presenting twin. Methods: This was a multicenter retrospective cohort study of dichorionic diamniotic twin pregnancies that underwent ST due to a discordant fetal anomaly (structural or genetic) between 2007 and 2021. The study population was divided into two groups according to the position of the reduced twin (presenting or non-presenting) and outcomes were studied accordingly. The primary outcome was a composite of early complications following ST, including infection, preterm prelabor rupture of membranes and pregnancy loss. Results: A total of 190 dichorionic twin pregnancies were included, of which 73 underwent ST of the presenting twin and 117 of the non-presenting twin. The groups did not differ in either baseline demographic characteristics or mean gestational age at the time of the procedure. ST of the presenting twin resulted in a significantly higher rate of early complications compared with the non-presenting twin (19.2% vs 7.7%; P = 0.018). Moreover, the rates of preterm delivery (75.3% vs 37.6%; P < 0.001) and neonatal intensive care unit admission (45.3% vs 17.1%; P < 0.001) were higher, and birth weight was lower (P < 0.001), in those pregnancies in which the presenting twin was reduced. Conclusions: ST of the presenting twin resulted in a higher rate of adverse pregnancy outcome compared with that of the non-presenting twin. These findings should be acknowledged during patient counseling and, if legislation permits, taken into consideration when planning ST.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)705-709
Number of pages5
JournalUltrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume61
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2023

Keywords

  • dichorionic twins
  • fetal anomaly
  • feticide
  • non-presenting twin
  • pregnancy complication
  • presenting twin
  • selective termination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Reproductive Medicine

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