Aeolian particle input to the soil surface at the northern limit of the Negev desert

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    28 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    In arid and semiarid regions, aeolian particle input is one of the major sources of soil nutrients. The particle input also improves the soil depth and strongly influences the water-holding capacity of the soil. The authors studied the airborne particle accumulation dynamics on the soil surface in the Northern Negev desert (Sayeret Shaked Park) in comparison to the Central Negev highland (Sede Boqer and Shivta). The measurements of the components of the aeolian deposition and accumulation at the study site of the Sayeret Shaked Park were carried out for 3 years from August 1992 to July 1995. The average soil accumulation for this period was 0.22 g m−2 d−1 (80.64 g m−2 year−1). The minimal quantity during the research period was during July 1993 (1.35 g m−2 month−1) and the maximal was in March 1993 (24.42 g m−2 month−1). Significant differences were obtained during the whole study period regarding the slope directions of the watershed. The aeolian accumulation and the deposition on the north-facing slope was significantly lower (P < 0.05) than on the south-facing slope (average 5.09 g m−2 month−1 to 6.97 g m−2 month−1, respectively). The highest accumulation was obtained in the wadi (average 827 g m−2 month−1). Almost all the granulometric analyses conducted on monthly collected samples for the study period showed significant amounts of clay-size (<16 μm) and silt-size (between 16 to 50 μm) particles. Chemical composition of the airborne particles showed that two major constituents, Si and Ca, dominate all the samples. Particle-size analysis of the aeolian particles accumulated during the study period at the Sayeret Shaked area showed a median diameter varying between 25 and 35 μm. This leads to a layer of fine airborne particles or loess, as scattered silt or clay particles, of 14 μm m−2 year−1.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)55-62
    Number of pages8
    JournalArid Soil Research and Rehabilitation
    Volume12
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 1 Jan 1998

    Keywords

    • Aeolian particles
    • Composition
    • Deposition-accumulation
    • Semiarid and arid region

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Plant Science
    • Earth-Surface Processes

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