Aeration properties of a new sleeping surface for infants

Ephraim Bar-Yishay, Mark Gaides, Avner Goren, Amir Szeinberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Background: Prone sleeping position, use of soft mattresses and head covering by bedclothes are known risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Rebreathing carbon dioxide (CO 2) may be a possible mechanism or a confounding factor of SIDS. Objective To compare the aeration properties of a new concept of infant sleeping surface (Net) to three commercial mattresses advertised to improve aeration and to two standard infant mattresses. Design Two experiments were performed: (I) A container (head box), filled with 7% CO 2 mixture, was opened to the mattress to allow gas mixture to passively diffuse outside and equilibrate with the surrounding room air. (II) Simulation of normal breathing of an infant, using a unidirectional reciprocal syringe, to determine CO 2 accumulation within the head box. Methods CO 2 concentrations in the head box were continuously measured until CO 2 levels fell below 1% or for 5 min (experiment I), or until CO 2 accumulation levels plateaued or for 6 min (experiment II). Results The Net had a significantly faster rate of CO 2 elimination (88.5 ± 4.6 and 91.9 ± 0.9 sec, Net alone and when covered with a sheet, respectively) compared to 238.3 ± 14.2 sec to 387.8 ± 7.9 sec for the other mattresses (P < 0.001). Only the Net was able to prevent CO 2 accumulation with maximal CO 2 levels (0.56 ± 0.03% and 1.16 ± 0.05%; Net alone and when covered with a sheet, respectively) significantly lower than the range of 4.6-6.3% for the other mattresses (P < 0.001). Conclusions: The new sleeping surface exhibited significantly better aeration properties in dispersing CO 2 and in preventing its accumulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)193-198
Number of pages6
JournalPediatric Pulmonology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • CO
  • SIDS
  • carbon dioxide
  • environmental risk
  • infants
  • sleep-disordered breathing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine


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