African descents are more sensitive than European descents to the antitumor compoundsα-hederin and kalopanaxsaponin i

Geva Feller, Aleksandra Kugel, Dana Moonshine, Vered Chalifa-Caspi, Martin Scholz, Dirk Prüfer, Tatiana Rabinski, Kai J. Müller, Rivka Ofir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

α-Hederin, a natural triterpene saponin and its derivative kalopanaxsaponin I (ksI) exhibit cytotoxicity against various cancer cell lines and in vivo tumors. We studied the genetic variants contributing to the activity of these two anticancer compounds. Cell lines derived from 30 trios of European descent (Centre d'Etude du Polymorphisme Human, CEPH; CEU) and 30 trios of African descent (Yoruban, YRI) were used. Cytotoxicity was determined as inhibition of cell growth at increasing concentrations of -hederin or ksI for 24h. In comparison to the European, the Yoruban populations revealed a higher sensitivity to -hederin and to ksI that can be attributed to several unique SNPs. These SNPs are located near 111 and 130 genes in the European and the Yoruban populations, respectively, raising the possibility that some of these genes contribute to the differential sensitivity to these compounds.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1847-1851
Number of pages5
JournalPlanta Medica
Volume76
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2010

Keywords

  • HapMap
  • Nigella sativa
  • Ranunculaceae
  • hederin
  • kalopanaxsaponin I
  • lymphoblastoid cell lines
  • whole genome association

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