AglR is required for addition of the final mannose residue of the N-linked glycan decorating the Haloferax volcanii S-layer glycoprotein

Lina Kaminski, Ziqiang Guan, Mehtap Abu-Qarn, Zvia Konrad, Jerry Eichler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Background: Recent studies of Haloferax volcanii have begun to elucidate the steps of N-glycosylation in Archaea, where this universal post-translational modification remains poorly described. In Hfx. volcanii, a series of Agl proteins catalyzes the assembly and attachment of a N-linked pentasaccharide to the S-layer glycoprotein. Although roles have been assigned to the majority of Agl proteins, others await description. In the following, the contribution of AglR to N-glycosylation was addressed. Methods: A combination of bioinformatics, gene deletion, mass spectrometry and metabolic radiolabeling served to show a role for AglR in archaeal N-glycosylation at both the dolichol phosphate and reporter glycoprotein levels. Results: The modified behavior of the S-layer glycoprotein isolated from cells lacking AglR points to an involvement of this protein in N-glycosylation. In cells lacking AglR, glycan-charged dolichol phosphate, including mannose-charged dolichol phosphate, accumulates. At the same time, the S-layer glycoprotein does not incorporate mannose, the final subunit of the N-linked pentasaccharide decorating this protein. AglR is a homologue of Wzx proteins, annotated as flippases responsible for delivering lipid-linked O-antigen precursor oligosaccharides across the bacterial plasma membrane during lipopolysaccharide biogenesis. Conclusions: The effects resulting from aglR deletion are consistent with AglR interacting with dolichol phosphate-mannose, possibly acting as a dolichol phosphate-mannose flippase or contributing to such activity. General significance: Little is known of how lipid-linked oligosaccharides are translocated across membrane during N-glycosylation. The possibility of Hfx. volcanii AglR mediating or contributing to flippase activity could help address this situation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1664-1670
Number of pages7
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - General Subjects
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2012


  • Archaea
  • Dolichylphosphate-mannose
  • Haloferax volcanii
  • N-glycosylation
  • S-layer glycoprotein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology


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