Agricultural waste and wastewater as feedstock for bioelectricity generation using microbial fuel cells: Recent advances

Soumya Pandit, Nishit Savla, Jayesh M. Sonawane, Abubakar Muh’D Sani, Piyush Kumar Gupta, Abhilasha Singh Mathuriya, Ashutosh Kumar Rai, Dipak A. Jadhav, Sokhee P. Jung, Ram Prasad

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

76 Scopus citations


In recent years, there has been a significant accumulation of waste in the environment, and it is expected that this accumulation may increase in the years to come. Waste disposal has massive effects on the environment and can cause serious environmental problems. Thus, the development of a waste treatment system is of major importance. Agro-industrial wastewater and waste residues are mainly rich in organic substances, lignocellulose, hemicellulose, lignin, and they have a relatively high amount of energy. As a result, an effective agro-waste treatment system has several benefits, including energy recovery and waste stabilization. To reduce the impact of the consumption of fossil energy sources on our planet, the exploitation of renewable sources has been relaunched. All over the world, efforts have been made to recover energy from agricultural waste, considering global energy security as the final goal. To attain this objective, several technologies and recovery methods have been developed in recent years. The microbial fuel cell (MFC) is one of them. This review describes the power generation using various types of agro-industrial wastewaters and agricultural residues utilizing MFC. It also highlights the techno-economics and lifecycle assessment of MFC, its commercialization, along with challenges.

Original languageEnglish
Article number169
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Agricultural waste
  • Commercialization
  • Microbial fuel cell
  • Techno-economic
  • Wastewater

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)
  • Plant Science


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