Ag0 and Au0 nanoparticles encapsulated in sol-gel matrices as catalysts in reductive de-halogenation reactions

Michael Meistelman, Jaydeep Adhikary, Ariela Burg, Dror Shamir, Gregory Gershinsky, Dan Meyerstein, Yael Albo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Halogenated pollutants have low solubility, are toxic, tend to accumulate in food chains and are the contaminates most often found in the subsurface environment. Various approaches to achieve their degradation have been applied, including bioremediation, chemical methods based on zero valent iron and bimetallic particles, and electro-catalysis. In this review we discuss our recent results concerning Ag0 and Au0 nanoparticles incorporated within SiO2 matrices via the sol-gel synthesis route as heterogeneous catalysts for the reductive de-halogenation of halogenated organic compounds by NaBH4. Matrices with different compositions were prepared in order to optimize the preparation procedure. The reduction percentage and the product distribution are affected by the matrix composition and the reduction conditions; pH, substrate concentration and NaBH4 rate of addition. The role of the encapsulated metal nanoparticles on the reductive de-halogenation of halo-acetic acids is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-26
Number of pages4
JournalChimica Oggi
Volume35
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2017

Keywords

  • Ag and Au nanoparticles
  • Catalysis
  • De-halogenation
  • Sol-gel matrices
  • Water treatment

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