Airway pollution and smoking in reproductive health

Gil Gutvirtz, Eyal Sheiner

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


    Environmental exposure refers to contact with chemical, biological, or physical substances found in air, water, food, or soil that may have a harmful effect on a person's health. Almost all of the global population (99%) breathe air that contains high levels of pollutants. Smoking is one of the most common forms of recreational drug use and is the leading preventable cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The small particles from either ambient (outdoor) pollution or cigarette smoke are inhaled to the lungs and quickly absorbed into the bloodstream. These substances can affect virtually every organ in our body and have been associated with various respiratory, cardiovascular, endocrine, and also reproductive morbidities, including decreased fertility, adverse pregnancy outcomes, and offspring long-term morbidity. This review summarizes the latest literature reporting the reproductive consequences of women exposed to ambient (outdoor) air pollution and cigarette smoking.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)81-93
    Number of pages13
    JournalBest Practice and Research in Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology
    StatePublished - 1 Dec 2022


    • Air pollution
    • Cigarette smoking
    • Fertility
    • Offspring health
    • Pregnancy outcomes

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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