Allotropic Transitions of Mg2NiH4

Z. Gavra, M. H. Mintz, G. Kimmel, Z. Hadari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

128 Scopus citations


The crystallographic structure and thermal behavior of Mg2NiH4 have been studied in the temperature range 25-500 °C. Two allotropic forms of this hydride were identified. An orthorhombic structure with a = 11.36 Å, b = 11.16 Å, and c = 9.12 Å (P2221) containing 16 formula units per cell is stable at ambient temperature. This structure transforms at 210-245 °C to a cubic pseudo-CaF2-type structure with a = 6.490 Å and 4 formula units per cell. The allotropic transition is not accompanied by a change in hydrogen composition which remains the same for both structures (under about a 700-torr hydrogen atmosphere). The enthalpy change associated with this transition was estimated to be 0.80 ± 0.05 kcal/mol of H2 (1.60 kcal/mol of Mg2NiH4).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3595-3597
Number of pages3
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Issue number12
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1979

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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