Alloying copper and palladium nanoparticles by pulsed laser irradiation of colloids suspended in ethanol

Gyora Gal, Yaakov Monsa, Vladimir Ezersky, Ilana Bar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nanoparticles (NPs) of copper, palladium and Cu0.8Pd0.2 alloy have been prepared by pulsed laser ablation/irradiation in ethanol, by the second harmonic of a pulsed Nd : YAG laser (532 nm, ∼5 ns, 10 Hz). The monometallic NPs were synthesized by laser ablation of pure bulk targets immersed in ethanol and the alloyed ones by laser irradiation of stirred mixtures of suspended monometallic colloids. The suspensions were irradiated through two distinctive configurations, including lateral collimated and top focused beams that reached the corresponding fluences for NPs vaporization and for extensive plasma formation. The generated NPs were characterized by ultraviolet-visible absorption spectrometry, low and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, energy-dispersive spectroscopy and selected area electron diffraction. The first fluence regime afforded the synthesis of alloyed NPs in the few nm diameter range, where alloying was somewhat disturbed by agglomeration, while the second led to larger size NPs and faster alloying, due to laser scattering by the plasma. These findings were supported and interpreted by the particle heating-melting-evaporation model. The approach developed here, assisted by the model and the various characterization methods, proved to control the alloying process and the size distribution of the NPs and to give the best indication for its progress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33291-33300
Number of pages10
JournalRSC Advances
Volume8
Issue number58
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering

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