Altered prefrontal function with aging: Insights into age-associated performance decline

Anne Kristin Solbakk, Galit Fuhrmann Alpert, Ansgar J. Furst, Laura A. Hale, Tatsuhide Oga, Sundari Chetty, Natasha Pickard, Robert T. Knight

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

We examined the effects of aging on visuo-spatial attention. Participants performed a bi-field visual selective attention task consisting of infrequent target and task-irrelevant novel stimuli randomly embedded among repeated standards in either attended or unattended visual fields. Blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) responses to the different classes of stimuli were measured using functional magnetic resonance imaging. The older group had slower reaction times to targets, and committed more false alarms but had comparable detection accuracy to young controls. Attended target and novel stimuli activated comparable widely distributed attention networks, including anterior and posterior association cortex, in both groups. The older group had reduced spatial extent of activation in several regions, including prefrontal, basal ganglia, and visual processing areas. In particular, the anterior cingulate and superior frontal gyrus showed more restricted activation in older compared with young adults across all attentional conditions and stimulus categories. The spatial extent of activations correlated with task performance in both age groups, but the regional pattern of association between hemodynamic responses and behavior differed between the groups. Whereas the young subjects relied on posterior regions, the older subjects engaged frontal areas. The results indicate that aging alters the functioning of neural networks subserving visual attention, and that these changes are related to cognitive performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30-47
Number of pages18
JournalBrain Research
Volume1232
DOIs
StatePublished - 26 Sep 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Attention
  • Frontal lobe
  • Neural networks
  • Oddball
  • fMRI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience (all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology

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