Study Objectives: Rapid-onset obesity with hypothalamic dysregulation, hypoventilation, and autonomic dysregulation (ROHHAD) is a rare condition. Little is known about sleep/wake and slow-wave activity in this condition, although the central hypothalamic dysfunction associated with autonomic dysregulation would make the occurrence of SWA deregulation most likely. Methods: Two children with clinical presentation of ROHHAD syndrome were evaluated, diagnosed, and treated. Their polysomnographic studies were compared with 4 matched children with obstructive sleep apnea and 6 controls. Results: Children that were clinically diagnosed with ROHHAD exhibited significantly weaker slow-wave activity power and shallower slow-wave activity slopes during the first 2 sleep cycles compared with children with obstructive sleep apnea or controls. Conclusions: This study shows that children with ROHHAD have suppressed slow-wave activity, possibly because of hypothalamic dysregulation that may contribute to their rapid-onset obesity and excessive daytime sleepiness.
- ROHHAD syndrome
- Slow-wave activity