Ambient temperature synthesis of bulk intermetallics

M. Ratzker, D. S. Lashmore, M. P. Dariel

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Room-temperature intermetallic compound formation occurs when one of the component metals has a very low melting point or when two metals in close contact interdiffuse very rapidly. Compound formation at room temperature at the interface of superposed thin films has been observed in several instances, often in systems relating to electronic materials. The overall amount of compound produced in such configurations, however, is limited, due to the intrinsic limitations involved in the thin layer geometry. Bulk quantities of intermetallic can be produced at ambient temperature in solids by increasing the interface area between the components that interdiffuse rapidly. This condition can be achieved by having small size powder particles of one component coated with a layer of the second component. The very large interface area leads to rapid formation of bulk quantities of compounds even at ambient temperature. By appropriate control of the initial constituents and the coating parameters, it is possible to custom-prepare various intermetallic compounds present in binary systems such as silver-tin, gold-tin and silver-indium in which fast interdiffusion takes place.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-46
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Research Society Symposium Proceedings
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1994
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings of the MRS Symposium - San Francisco, CA, USA
Duration: 4 Apr 19946 Apr 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science (all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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