Nonlinear adiabatic dynamics of electron-phonon models of trans-(CH)x, cis-(CH)x, and (AB)x-type polymers are studied. Using both analytic low-amplitude expansion and numerical simulations, we find the existence of charge-neutral breathers spatially localized, time-periodic nonlinear excitations. Simulations also show that a photoexcited electron-hole pair generates a breather in addition to a soliton-antisoliton pair. Semiclassical quantization shows that the nth breather is a bound state of n amplitude phonons. A semiclassical formalism of optical absorption is applied to trans-(CH)x; the ground-state result accounts for a pronounced intragap absorption tail, while breathers can account for the observed photoinduced absorption at 1.35 eV.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics