An earthquake disaster in Turkey: An overview of the experience of the Israeli Defence Forces field hospital in Adapazari

Yaron Bar-Dayan, David Mankuta, Yoram Wolf, Yehezkel Levy, Michael VanRooyen, Pinar Beard, Aharon Finestone, Carlos Gruzman, Paul Benedek, Giora Martonovits

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations

Abstract

On 17 August 1999 at 3:04 a.m., an earthquake of 7.4 magnitude (Richter scale) struck the Marmara region in Turkey. The city of Adapazari suffered 2,680 fatalities with approximately 5,300 injured. The Israeli Defence Forces (IDF) field hospital arrived at Adapazari, on day four after the quake. The team consisted of 102 personnel. The field hospital acted as a secondary referral centre. A total of 1,205 patients were treated in the field hospital between day four and day 14 of the earthquake. The frequency distribution of the medical problems seen in the field hospital was 32 per cent internal medicine, 13 per cent general surgery including plastic, 21 per cent orthopaedic surgery, 23 per cent paediatric disease, 10 per cent obstetrics and gynaecology and 1 per cent major psychiatric disorders. A mean number of 35 patients per day were hospitalised in the field hospital for between 24 hours to one week. The rapid establishment of the field hospital enabled the local medical facilities to 'buy time' in order to organise and restore surgical and hospitalisation abilities in this disastrous situation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)262-270
Number of pages9
JournalDisasters
Volume24
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Disaster management
  • Earthquake
  • Field hospital
  • Mass casualties
  • Military assets
  • Turkey

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Social Sciences
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences

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