## Abstract

The Nemhauser-Trotter theorem provides an algorithm which is frequently used as a subroutine in approximation algorithms for the classical Vertex Cover problem. In this paper we present an extension of this theorem so it fits a more general variant of Vertex Cover, namely, the Generalized Vertex Cover problem, where edges are allowed not to be covered at a certain predetermined penalty. We show that many applications of the original Nemhauser-Trotter theorem can be applied using our extension to Generalized Vertex Cover. These applications include a (2-2/d)-approximation algorithm for graphs of bounded degree d, a polynomial-time approximation scheme (PTAS) for planar graphs, a (2 - lglg n/2lg n)-approximation algorithm for general graphs, and a 2k kernel for the parameterized Generalized Vertex Cover problem.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 287-300 |

Number of pages | 14 |

Journal | SIAM Journal on Discrete Mathematics |

Volume | 24 |

Issue number | 1 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 24 May 2010 |

Externally published | Yes |

## Keywords

- Approximation algorithms
- Generalized vertex cover
- Local ratio technique
- Nemhauser-trotter theorem

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- General Mathematics