An FNS-based system for generating upper limb function in the C4 quadriplegic

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37 Scopus citations


A system is presented for generation of upper limb function in the totally paralysed arms of high level spinal cord lesion subjects. The stimulation part of the system is voice operated, computer controlled, and uses high-resolution surface stimulation to generate arm and hand movements. Splinting, suspension, and voluntary upper trunk and shoulder girdle movements complement the stimulationgenerated movements. Eating, drinking and writing have been achieved by two C4 quadriplegics using the system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)549-556
Number of pages8
JournalMedical and Biological Engineering and Computing
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Nov 1989


  • Electrical stimulation
  • Quadriplegic
  • Rehabilitation
  • Upper limb

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications

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