An improved measurement of Rb using a double tagging method

OPAL Collaboration

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


This paper describes an update of the double tagging measurement of the fraction, Rb, of Z0 → bb̄ events in hadronic Z0 decays, with statistics improved by including the data collected in 1994. The presence of electrons or muons from semileptonic decays of bottom hadrons and the detection of bottom hadron decay vertices were used together to obtain an event sample enriched in Z0 → bb̄ decays. The efficiency of the bb̄ event tagging was obtained from the data by comparing the numbers of events having a bottom signature in either one or both thrust hemispheres. Efficiency correlations between opposite event hemispheres are small (< 0.5%) and well understood through comparisons between the real and simulated data samples. A value of Rb = 0.2175 ± 0.0014 ± 0.0017 was obtained, where the first error is statistical and the second systematic. The uncertainty on the decay width Γ(Z0 → cc̄) is not included in these errors. The result depends on Rc as follows: ΔRb/Rb = -0.084 ΔRc/Rc, where ΔRc is the deviation of Rc from the value 0.172 predicted by the Standard Model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalZeitschrift fur Physik C-Particles and Fields
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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