An in-vitro tumour microenvironment model using adhesion to type i collagen reveals Akt-dependent radiation resistance in renal cancer cells

Lina Krasny, Nilly Shimony, Keren Tzukert, Raphael Gorodetsky, Shimon Lecht, Dirk M. Nettelbeck, Yosef S. Haviv

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is considered resistant to ionizing radiation. Recently, the extracellular matrix (ECM) has been shown to play a role in both drug resistance and radiation resistance (RR). While fibronectin has been extensively investigated in the context of RR, the role of type I collagen col(I), a principal constituent of the ECM in tumour metastases, in RR of RCC is unknown.Methods. RCC cell adhesion to matrix was studied via pre-coating a variety of ECM glycoproteins onto plates. Cancer cell apoptosis and cell cycle were evaluated with flow cytometry using annexin V and propidium iodide stains, respectively. Activation of cellular survival signalling was analysed with western blots, and specific molecular inhibitors were correspondingly employed to block signalling. Hypoxia (<1) was induced via N2/CO2 gas flow in a specialized chamber.Results. While adherence to col(I) enhanced RCC cell proliferation in general, col(I) and fibronectin, but not fibrinogen, could confer specific anti-apoptotic RR to RCC cells. The radioprotective effect of col(I) was maintained during both hypoxia/ reoxygenation and normoxia conditions. In contrast to intact col(I), micronized col(I), lacking the natural fibrillar structure, was not radioprotective. The effect of col(I) in RCC cells is mediated via attenuation of apoptosis rather than cell cycle redistribution, involving the PI3 kinaseAkt pathway but not the MAP kinase pathway.Conclusions. Adherence to col(I) appears to be a relevant environmental cue enhancing RR in RCC cells, Akt dependently. Our results support inhibition of the PI3-kinaseAkt pathway as a radiosensitizing approach.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)373-380
Number of pages8
JournalNephrology Dialysis Transplantation
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Akt
  • Collagen type I
  • Hypoxia
  • Ionizing radiation
  • Renal cell carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology
  • Transplantation

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