An indirect measure of negative self reference interacts with academic failure to predict continuing depressive symptomatology

Gal Sheppes, Nachshon Meiran, Orr Spivak, Golan Shahar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

According to the dual-process theory of cognitive vulnerability to depression, two types of measures assess processes which influence individuals' depressive responses to stress. Automatic associative processes are evaluated using implicit measures to predict individualsr' initial depressive reaction to stressful situations. Effortful reflective processes are evaluated using explicit self report measures to predict continuing depressive responses. The present study extends this view by examining for the first time, the predictive validity of the dual process stress-diathesis model of depression using two indirect performance based measures. Results showed that reflective Negativity Aversion that examines implicit difficulties in maintaining active negative self reference, but not associative Implicit Association Test, predicted longitudinally future continuing depressive responses among individuals who failed to meet their academic expectations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)602-609
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Research in Personality
Volume44
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2010

Keywords

  • Cognitive vulnerability
  • Depression
  • Dual-process theory
  • Implicit Association Test
  • Stress-diathesis
  • Task switching

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Psychology (all)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'An indirect measure of negative self reference interacts with academic failure to predict continuing depressive symptomatology'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this