An interactive-synergetic approach to the assessment of personality vulnerability to depression: Illustration using the adolescent version of the depressive experiences questionnaire

Golan Shahar, Elizabeth F. Gallagher, Sidney J. Blatt, Gabriel P. Kuperminc, Bonnie J. Leadbeater

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

Research on personality vulnerability to depression is characterized by a "main effect" approach, often at the expense of examining interactions among various dimensions of vulnerability. To compare the "main effect" and "interactive-synergetic" approaches, we utilized data from a longitudinal study of adolescent adjustment. Focusing on dependency, self-criticism, and efficacy, the three factors of the adolescent version of the Depressive Experiences Questionnaire (DEQ; Blatt, Schaffer, Bers, & Quinlan, 1992), we found support for the interactive-synergetic approach. Dependency and self-criticism interacted in predicting changes in depressive and internalizing symptoms (under low efficacy), and among boys-changes in internalizing and externalizing symptoms. Results illuminate the synergetic interplay among dimensions of risk and resilience in clinical research and practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)605-625
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Clinical Psychology
Volume60
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adolescent development
  • Assessment
  • Depressive Experiences Questionnaire
  • Interactions
  • Personality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'An interactive-synergetic approach to the assessment of personality vulnerability to depression: Illustration using the adolescent version of the depressive experiences questionnaire'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this