An overview on the application of biomass-derived biochar in the treatment of wastewater

Tejveer Singh, Marzuqa Quraishi, Aindree, Mayur Thakre, Piyush Kumar Gupta, Aberam Natarajan, Mohit Sahni, Kanupriya, Meenal Gupta, Ankit Kumar, Soumya Pandit

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

Water is an essential molecule that sustains life on the planet and is crucial for our survival. Water bodies are incessantly being contaminated with effluents from industrial plants and factories, causing increased concern about the water’s quality. Biomass is becoming one of the popular energy resources being an eco-friendly andefficient alternative to traditional methods. When the biomass is subjected to high temperatures under controlled oxygen levels, the decomposition process results in the inception of a solid product, rich in carbon, having ideal adsorption properties, called biochar. It has myriads of environmental applications, but this chapter focuses on lignocellulosic biomass-derived biochar (LBDB) in decontamination of wastewater (WW), from multiple pollutants such as heavy metals, dyes, pharmaceutical compounds, pesticides, and so on. It describes the different feedstock materials required, its physicochemical characterization, the various conditions for the production process (pyrolysis), and the challenges associated with biochar application, requiring detailed research and feasible approaches to effectuate it, thereby helping the readers understand the importance of biochar in WW treatment, explicitly via LBDB, being a promising solution.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBioChar
Subtitle of host publicationApplications for Bioremediation of Contaminated Systems
Publisherde Gruyter
Pages245-268
Number of pages24
ISBN (Electronic)9783110734003
ISBN (Print)9783110738582
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • biochar
  • heavy metal adsorption
  • lignocellulosic biomass
  • pyrolysis
  • wastewater treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry (all)
  • Environmental Science (all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (all)
  • Engineering (all)
  • Chemical Engineering (all)
  • Materials Science (all)

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