Analysis of Byzantine mortars from the Negev Desert, Israel, and subsequent environmental and economic implications

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21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mortar of different types and compositions was widely known and used in the ancient world, and became widespread throughout the Roman and Byzantine Empires. In many cases lime was used in it as a binder and for better plasticity. This paper discusses two mortar samples from a building in the Negev Highlands, Israel, their analysis under scanning electron microscope (SEM) and with X-ray diffraction (XRD), and the environmental implications in terms of energy consumption in the production process of lime in the Byzantine period.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)767-773
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Archaeological Science
Volume32
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2005

Keywords

  • Byzantine construction
  • Desert
  • Energy
  • Lime
  • Mortar
  • SEM analysis
  • X-ray diffraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Archaeology
  • Archaeology

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