High resolution 3D simulation (involving 100M degrees of freedom) were employed to study transient turbulent flow in a carotid arterial bifurcation with a stenosed internal carotid artery (ICA). In the performed simulation an intermittent (in space and time) laminar-turbulent-laminar regime was observed. The simulation reveals the mechanism of the onset of turbulent flow in the stenosed ICA where the narrowing in the artery generates a strong jet flow. Time- and space-window Proper Orthogonal Decomposition (POD) was applied to quantify the different flow regimes in the occluded artery. A simplified version of the POD analysis that utilizes 2D slices only - more appropriate in the clinical setting - was also investigated.
|Original language||English GB|
|Title of host publication||American Physical Society, 62nd Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics, November 22-24, 2009|
|State||Published - 1 Nov 2009|