Background: A novel 3D mapping system (KODEX-EPD, EPD Solutions) enables catheter localization and real-time 3D cardiac mapping. Objective: To evaluate left atrium (LA) anatomical mapping accuracy created by the KODEX-EPD system during pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) compared with gold standard computed tomography (CT) images acquired from the same patients before the procedure. Methods: In 15 consecutive patients who underwent PVI, 3D mapping of the LA was created on the KODEX-EPD system using the Achieve catheter. Pulmonary vein (PV), posterior wall, and appendage anatomy and diameters, were compared to the CT 3D reconstruction measured on the CARTO 3 system. Measurements were done independently by two physicians in each method. Linear correlation and agreement between CT and EPD measurements were assessed by Spearman correlation and Bland-Altman plot. Results: Mean LA mapping time was 7.7 ± 3.6 min. Very high interobserver correlation was found for both EPD and CT measurements (Spearman r =.9). High correlation (r =.75) was found between CT and EPD measurements. Bland-Altman plot method revealed that measurements assessed by EPD were slightly higher than those assessed by CT. Mean difference was 3.5 mm, p <.01. In 2 (13.5%) patients each, disagreement regarding the presence of a left common PV and a right middle accessory vein anatomy was seen. Conclusion: The new KODEX-EPD mapping system allows quick and accurate mapping of the LA with high correlation to CT imaging. Some differences in left common and accessory right middle vein anatomy were seen.
- left Atrium
- pulmonary vein isolation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)