Animal models of depression and anxiety: What do they tell us about human condition?

I. D. Neumann, G. Wegener, J. R. Homberg, H. Cohen, D. A. Slattery, J. Zohar, J. D.A. Olivier, A. Mathé

    Research output: Contribution to journalShort surveypeer-review

    104 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    While modern neurobiology methods are necessary they are not sufficient to elucidate etiology and pathophysiology of affective disorders and develop new treatments. Achievement of these goals is contingent on applying cutting edge methods on appropriate disease models. In this review, the authors present four rodent models with good face-, construct-, and predictive-validity: the Flinders Sensitive rat line (FSL); the genetically "anxious" High Anxiety-like Behavior (HAB) line; the serotonin transporter knockout 5-HTT -/- rat and mouse lines; and the post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) model induced by exposure to predator scent, that they have employed to investigate the nature of depression and anxiety.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1357-1375
    Number of pages19
    JournalProgress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry
    Volume35
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 1 Aug 2011

    Keywords

    • Animal models
    • Anxiety
    • Depression
    • PTSD
    • Translational

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Pharmacology
    • Biological Psychiatry

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