Anisotropy of transverse and longitudinal relaxations in liquids entrapped in nano- and micro-cavities of a plant stem

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Abstract

We studied the anisotropy of 1H NMR spin–lattice and spin–spin relaxations in a fresh celery stem experimentally and modeled the sample theoretically as the water-containing nano- and micro-cavities. The angular dependence of the spin–lattice and the spin–spin relaxation times was obtained, which clearly shows the presence of water-filled nano- and micro-cavities in the celery stem, which have elongated shapes and are related to non-spherical vascular cells in the stem. To explain the experimental data, we applied the relaxation theory developed by us and used previously to interpret similar effects in liquids in nanocavities located in biological tissues such as cartilages and tendons. Good agreement between the experimental data and theoretical results was obtained by adjusting the fitting parameters. The obtained values of standard deviations (0.33 for the mean polar angle and 0.1 for the mean azimuthal angle) indicate a noticeable ordering of the water-filled nano- and micro-cavities in the celery stem. Our approach allows the use of the NMR technique to experimentally determine the order parameters of the microscopic vascular structures in plants.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107051
JournalJournal of Magnetic Resonance
Volume331
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2021

Keywords

  • Anisotropy
  • Celery stem
  • Nano- and microcavity
  • Spin-spin relaxation
  • Spin–lattice relaxation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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