Tunneling two-level systems (TLSs), generic to amorphous solids, dictate the low-temperature properties of amorphous solids and dominate noise and decoherence in quantum nanodevices. The properties of the TLSs are generally described by the phenomenological standard tunneling model. Yet, significant deviations from the predictions of this model found experimentally suggest the need for a more precise model in describing TLSs. Here, we show that the temperature dependence of the sound velocity, dielectric constant, specific heat, and thermal conductivity can be explained using an energy-dependent TLS density of states reduced at low energies due to TLS-TLS interactions. This reduction is determined by the ratio between the strengths of the TLS-TLS interactions and the random potential, which is enhanced in systems with dominant electric dipolar interactions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics