Antecedents of self-regulation in driving among older drivers

Sara Carmel, Talya B. Rechavi, Yosefa Ben-Moshe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Maintaining quality of life and wellbeing into advanced age is a major challenge to societies. Driving is one factor contributing to an ageing individual's independence. Understanding antecedents of driving-related self-regulation is important for designing interventions to preserve safe driving in old age. This paper reports on a study that investigated factors associated with two forms of self-regulation in driving (SRD) - avoidance of difficult driving conditions and voluntary cessation of driving - in a sample of 860 Israeli drivers aged 70 and over. We examined roles of health, vision, driving experience, driving-related self-efficacy (DRSE) and global self-esteem in SRD. Health and DRSE had direct effects on SRD, and effects of vision and driving experience were mediated by DRSE. Participants who had ceased driving were older, with poorer vision and health, and less driving confidence and experience than active drivers. Statistical analyses demonstrated that SRD is affected by a reduced sense of confidence due to an initial lower level of driving experience, compounded by deteriorating vision, and that older drivers are sensitive to factors affecting their ability to drive safely. Our results demonstrate that older drivers tend to self-regulate their driving. Programmes for older adults can be introduced for diagnosing driving capabilities, improving skills and confidence, and/or helping to develop self-regulation habits of avoiding driving in difficult conditions, and assisting drivers who must adjust to driving cessation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1097-1117
Number of pages21
JournalAgeing and Society
Volume34
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2014

Keywords

  • driving self-regulation
  • driving-related self-efficacy
  • older drivers

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