Anti-diabetic activity of traditional Indian gold containing preparation: Shadguna Balijarita Makaradhwaja on streptozotocin induced diabetic rats

Sanjay Khedekar, Galib Rukkudin, Basavaiah Ravishankar, Pradeepkumar Prajapati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Makaradhwaja a gold containing mercurial preparation used for diabetes mellitus in indigenous system of medicine. It is a popular aphrodisiac and rejuvenator traditional medicine. It is prepared by using processed gold, mercury and sulfur in different ratios by applying intermittent heating pattern in Valuka Yantra. Objectives: The aim of the study was to evaluate anti-diabetic effect of Shadguna Balijarita Makaradhwaja (SBM) on streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic rats. Materials and Methods: Diabetes was induced to normal rats by injecting STZ in dose 40 mg/kg. Powdered SBM and dried extract of Tinospora cordifolia were mixed with honey and administered orally for 20 days at dose 2.63 mg/kg and 42.34 mg/kg body weight, respectively. The effects of treatment on body weight changes and blood glucose levels were quantified on day 1, 5, 10, 15 and 21 of the experiments. On the 21st day, animals were sacrificed and gross histopathological changes in liver, kidney and pancreas were illustrated. Blood sugar level, glyacated hemoglobin, blood urea, serum cholesterol, serum creatinine, serum triglyceride and serum protein were estimated with standard methods. The study was conducted in the year 2011. Results: Test drug observed significant decrease (P < 0.001) in glyacated hemoglobin level compared to diabetic control rats. Blood sugar level of test drug group shown a significant decrease (279.11 ± 57.95) compared with diabetic rats. Conclusion: The present study demonstrates that SBM and dried extract of T. cordifolia with honey significantly reduces the blood glucose level and shows anti-diabetic effect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)162-167
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anti-diabetic activity
  • Cinnabar gold
  • Kupipakwa rasayana
  • Mercury sulfide shadguna balijarita makaradhwaja

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Complementary and alternative medicine
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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