Anti-Inflammatory and Analgesic Effects of TRPV1 Polypeptide Modulator APHC3 in Models of Osteo-and Rheumatoid Arthritis

Yulia A. Logashina, Yulia A. Palikova, Viktor A. Palikov, Vitaly A. Kazakov, Sviatlana V. Smolskaya, Igor A. Dyachenko, Nadezhda V. Tarasova, Yaroslav A. Andreev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Arthritis is a widespread inflammatory disease associated with progressive articular surface degradation, ongoing pain, and hyperalgesia causing the development of functional limitations and disability. TRPV1 channel is one of the high-potential targets for the treatment of inflammatory diseases. Polypeptide APHC3 from sea anemone Heteractis crispa is a mode-selective TRPV1 antagonist that causes mild hypothermia and shows significant anti-inflammatory and analgesic activity in different models of pain. We evaluated the anti-inflammatory properties of APHC3 in models of monosodium iodoacetate (MIA)-induced osteoarthritis and complete Freund’s adjuvant (CFA)-induced rheumatoid monoarthritis in comparison with commonly used non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as diclofenac, ibuprofen, and meloxicam. Subcutaneous administration of APHC3 (0.1 mg/kg) significantly reversed joint swelling, disability, grip strength impairment, and thermal and mechanical hypersensitivity. The effect of APHC3 was equal to or better than that of reference NSAIDs. Protracted treatment with APHC3 decreased IL-1b concentration in synovial fluid, reduced inflammatory changes in joints, and prevented the progression of cartilage degradation. Therefore, polypeptide APHC3 has the potential to be an analgesic and anti-inflammatory substance for the alleviation of arthritis symptoms.

Original languageEnglish
Article number39
JournalMarine Drugs
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • APHC3
  • Heteractis crispa
  • TRPV1
  • arthritis
  • cytokines
  • inflammation
  • non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
  • polypeptide modulator
  • sea anemone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics (miscellaneous)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Anti-Inflammatory and Analgesic Effects of TRPV1 Polypeptide Modulator APHC3 in Models of Osteo-and Rheumatoid Arthritis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this