Anti-Sm-RNP activity in sera of patients with rheumatic and autoimmune diseases

M. Abu-Shakra, M. Krup, H. Slor, Y. Shoenfeld

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6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The sera of various rheumatic and autoimmune diseases were examined for the presence of anti- RNP/Sm activity. An enzymelinked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was employed. Anti- RNP Ab's were detected in 18%, 20%, 28%, 16% of the sera of SLE, myasthenia gravis (MG), rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and thyroid diseases respectively. The anti- RNP Ab's belonged to the IgG and IgM isotypes. Most of the IgG anti- Sm antibodies were detected in SLE sera, but they were found also in two sera of MG and in one sera of RA patients. IgM anti- Sm antibodies were not found in SLE sera, but they were detected in low titer in MG, RA and autoimmune thyroid diseases. The activity against RNP and/or Sm was further confirmed by employing immunoblotting assays. In none of the patients, except those with SLE, was any clinical manifestation of SLE noted. The mere presence of anti- Sm antibodies of the IgG isotypes is not sufficient for the development of SLE, however, its presence is highly specific for SLE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)346-355
Number of pages10
JournalClinical Rheumatology
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 1990
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Autoantibody
  • Autoimmune Diseases
  • RNP
  • Ribonucleoproteins
  • Sm

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