Application of neutralizing anti-hemagglutinin antibodies to mouse neuroblastoma cells (NS20Y/MS) persistently infected with measles virus (MV) leads to a significant reduction of viral structural proteins within 6 days. While the transcriptional gradient for MV-specific mRNAs remained unaffected upon antibody treatment, the total amount of MV-specific transcripts dropped by 80% after 24 h. The expression of genomic RNA was affected similarly, with slightly slower time kinetics. Both transcription and expression of the viral structural proteins could be completely reactivated when viral antibodies were removed from the tissue culture. The same findings could be obtained in rat glioma cells persistently infected with subacute sclerosing panencephalitis virus (C6/SSPE) but not in cells of nonneural origin. The data indicate that antibody-induced antigenic modulation affects the early stages of viral transcription within a few hours after the addition of antibodies and leads to an almost complete repression of viral gene expression in cells of neural origin.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Insect Science