Anticancer potential of myricanone, a major bioactive component of myrica cerifera: Novel signaling cascade for accomplishing apoptosis

Avijit Paul, Jayeeta Das, Sreemanti Das, Asmita Samadder, Anisur Rahman Khuda-Bukhsh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Extract of Myrica cerifera bark has long been fruitfully used as a hepato-protective and anti-cancer drug in various complementary and alternative systems of medicine. Myricanone, its principal bioactive compound, had also been reported to have apoptosis-promoting ability. We evaluated its anti-cancer potential in vitro in HepG2 liver cancer cells and tried to understand the signal cascades involved in accomplishing apoptosis. Further, we ascertained by using a (3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay (MTT) assay if it had cytotoxic effects on normal noncancerous liver cells (WRL-68). We deployed various tools and protocols, like phase contrast, scanning electron and fluorescence microscopies, performed an annexinV-FITC/PI assay and cell cycle analysis, and estimated the reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and mitochondrial membrane depolarization through flow cytometry. Further, analyses of cytochrome-c translocation and of HSP70 and caspase expressions were also done by using immunoblota and Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results revealed that myricanone induced apoptosis in HepG2 cells through generation of ROS, depolarization of the mitochondrial membrane, early release of cytochrome-c, down-regulation of HSP70 and activation of a caspase cascade; it had no, or insignificant, cytotoxic effects in WRL-68 cells in vitro and in mice in vivo. Thus, myricanone has great potential for use in formulating an effective drug against both hepatotoxicity and hepatocellular cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)188-198
Number of pages11
JournalJAMS Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Cytochrome c
  • HSP70
  • HepG2 cells
  • Myricanone
  • Reactive oxygen species

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Complementary and alternative medicine
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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