Antidiabetic attributes of desert and steppic plants: A review

Eli Harlev, Eviatar Nevo, Nitsa Mirsky, Rivka Ofir

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

The rapidly increasing incidence of diabetes mellitus is becoming a serious threat to mankinds health in all parts of the world. In fact, known cases reflect only part of the problem, as many diabetics, especially with type 2 diabetes, are unaware of their disease, which initially shows no definitive symptoms. Despite the great efforts invested in diabetes research, its prevalence continues to grow, while current medications do not cover all of the symptoms and complications of the disease. The present review highlights a plethora of studies focusing on the antidiabetic properties of desert and semidesert (steppic) plants, many of them being used for centuries in traditional medicine by Bedouins living in the arid zones of the Middle East and also by ethnic groups in other arid and semiarid parts of the world. The review concludes in summarizing the work done on the subject and also in pointing to the yet existing gaps in diabetes research of desert and steppic plants, and suggests directions for future exploration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)425-436
Number of pages12
JournalPlanta Medica
Volume79
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2013

Keywords

  • antidiabetic
  • desert plants
  • hypoglycemic effect
  • oxidative stress
  • reactive oxygen species (ROS)
  • steppic plants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Complementary and alternative medicine
  • Organic Chemistry

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