Antiproliferative activity of steroidal saponins from Balanites aegyptiaca - An in vitro study

Elie Beit-Yannai, Shimon Ben-Shabat, Noa Goldschmidt, Bishnu P. Chapagain, Rui Hai Liu, Zeev Wiesman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Saponins are well known as plant stress-induced protective agents. Saponin compounds are also considered responsible for numerous pharmacological properties including anticarcinogenic activity. This paper evaluates the antiproliferative activity and mode of action of spirostane (SAP-1016 and SAP-884) and furostane (KE-1046 and KE-1064) saponins we have isolated from Balanites aegyptiaca Del. The compound SAP-1016 (3β-O-β-d- xylopyranosyl-(1-3)-β-d-glucopyranosyl-(1-4)-[α-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1- 2)]-β-d-glucopyranoside) showed potent antiproliferative activity against MCF-7 human breast cancer cells and HT-29 human colon cancer cells, with IC 50 values of 2.4 ± 0.35 and 3.3 ± 0.19 μM, respectively, compared with dioscin, one of the most potent cytotoxic spirostane saponins, with IC50 values of 3.1 ± 0.39 and 4.9 ± 0.32 μM, respectively. Significant anti-proliferative activity of SAP-1016 was also observed compared to a well-known anticancer agent, cisplatin, against both MCF-7 human breast cancer cells and HT-29 human colon cancer cells. Additionally, significant selectivity of growth inhibition, between MCF-7 breast cancer cells and HFF normal cells, was detected with the furostane saponins. Treatments of HT-29 cells with 5 μM SAP-1016 for 24 h generated caspase-3 cleavage and therefore apoptosis activation. SAP-1016 also demonstrated reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation in both HT-29 and MCF-7 cancer cells in a time-dependent manner.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-47
Number of pages5
JournalPhytochemistry Letters
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Mar 2011

Keywords

  • Antiproliferation
  • Apoptotic
  • Balanites aegyptiaca
  • Cancer
  • ROS
  • Steroidal saponins

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