Antoine Francois de Fourcroy

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Antoine François de Fourcroy (1755-1809), a physician turned chemist, played a major part in the research, teaching, and industrial applications of chemistry during the different stages of the French Revolution. He combined his knowledge of medicine and chemistry to advance the connection between the latter and physiological and pathological phenomena. He is considered the originator of modern pathology. Most of his later research was done in collaboration with Vauquelin, with whom he made significant contributions to vegetable chemistry; they were among the first to apply quantitative analysis to organic chemistry, to show the difference between ether and acetaldehyde, to analyze in depth the chemistry of urinary calculi, and to discover urea. Fourcroy supported the Revolution and took a leading part in the establishment of the new education
system in France, as well as in the foundation of the most important institutions
of higher learning, such as the Écoles Polytechnique and de Médicine.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)54-62
Number of pages9
JournalRevista CENIC. Ciencias Quimicas
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2005


  • Antoine François de Fourcroy, vegetable chemistry, phlogiston theory, chemical affinity
  • urinary stones
  • fats and soaps
  • Fourcroy's system


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