Apparent diffusion coefficient levels and neurodevelopmental outcome in fetuses with brain MR imaging white matter hyperintense signal

E. Katorza, G. Strauss, R. Cohen, M. Berkenstadt, C. Hoffmann, R. Achiron, E. Barzilay, O. Bar-Yosef

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: One of the perplexing findings of fetal brain MR imaging is white matter T2 hyperintense signal. The aims of our study were initially to determine the main etiologies associated with white matter T2 hyperintense signal, then to examine whether the different etiologies have different ADC values, and, last, to assess the association of white matter T2 hyperintense signal with developmental outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study of 44 MR imaging scans of fetal brains obtained for suspected brain pathologies at a tertiary medical center during 2011-2015. Clinical data were collected from electronic medical charts. ADC values were measured and averaged in the frontal, parietal, occipital, and temporal lobes. Neurodevelopmental assessments were performed with the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales II. RESULTS: Half of the cases of MRI hyperintense T2 signal of the fetal brain were associated with congenital cytomegalovirus infection. The other half were mainly idiopathic. Thus, the study group was divided to subgroups positive and negative for cytomegalovirus. Both groups had hyperintense signal in the temporal lobe. The group positive for cytomegalovirus had involvement of the parietal lobe. Only this group had increased ADC values in the temporal and parietal lobes. There was no association between the neurodevelopment outcome and the etiologies or ADC values. CONCLUSIONS: T2 hyperintense signal in fetal brain MRI associated with positive cytomegalovirus infection has increased ADC values in the temporal and parietal lobes, suggestive of brain edema in these areas. However, the association between this finding and neurodevelopment outcome requires further evaluation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1926-1931
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Neuroradiology
Volume39
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2018
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Clinical Neurology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Apparent diffusion coefficient levels and neurodevelopmental outcome in fetuses with brain MR imaging white matter hyperintense signal'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this