Application of a Cuirass and Institution of Biphasic Extra-Thoracic Ventilation by Gear-Protected Physicians

Ron Ben-Abraham, Ilan Gur, Ephraim Bar-Yishay, Guy Lin, Amir Blumenfeld, Boaz Kalmovich, Avi A. Weinbroum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the speed by which cuirass application, followed by biphasic extra-thoracic ventilation, can be instituted by full anti-chemical protective gear-wearing physicians. Materials and Methods: Ten physicians of variable subspecialties applied a cuirass on an adult volunteer and instituted biphasic extra-thoracic ventilation, using the RTX respirator (Medivent, London, UK). Endotracheal (ET) intubation and manual ventilation of a mannequin and its ventilation was comparatively assessed. Performances were conducted in a prospective, crossover, randomized manner. Times to successful applications as well as failure rates were recorded. Results: Cuirass application was performed more rapidly (102 ± 9 s, 177 ± 31 s, respectively, P < .01) and with a slightly lower failure rate than ET intubation. Conclusions: Physicians wearing full anti-chemical protective gear applied the cuirass and instituted biphasic extra-thoracic ventilation faster than ET intubation and manual positive pressure ventilation. Extra-thoracic ventilation should be further evaluated as an option for emergent respiratory support during toxic mass casualty events.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)36-41
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Critical Care
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2004

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