Chlorosulfonated polyethylene membranes and hollow fibers were reacted with allylic amino jojoba to bind the wax chemically to the polymer. The modified membranes and hollow fibers were then tested in the ion-exchange and pervaporation processes, respectively. The jojoba-bound polyethylene membranes were selective in preventing transfer of divalent ions such as Ca2+ and Mg2+, while monovalent ion such as K+ and Na+ could penetrate the membranes. The flux of the monovalent ions depended on the amount of jojoba bound to the polymer, which acted as a barrier to the ions (the monovalent ions could be eluted by acid washing). The concentration of ions (in the range of 0.05-1.0 N) in the feed solution had little effect on the flux. Preliminary results of pervaporation of a dioxane/water mixture through hollow fibers made of jojoba-bound chlorosulfonated polyethylene show separation of the dioxane from the water with a separation factor of 6. This technique can be applied to remove residual organic solvents in the purification of industrial waste water.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Applied Polymer Science|
|State||Published - 2 May 2001|
- Hollow fibers
- Jojoba wax chemically bound to polyethylene
- Selective ion exchange