Aquifer Characteristics Derived From the Interaction Between Water Levels of a Terminal Lake (Dead Sea) and an Adjacent Aquifer

Y. Yechieli, D. Ronen, B. Berkowitz, W. S. Dershowitz, A. Hadad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Scopus citations

Abstract

The water level of the Dead Sea, a terminal hypersaline lake (total dissolved solids, approximately 340 g/L) has decreased at an average rate of 0.5 m/yr since 1960 and by 0.8 m/yr between 1981 and 1989. The dramatic long‐term water level variation of the Dead Sea and the seasonal short‐term fluctuations are accompanied by parallel variations of groundwater levels in an adjacent aquifer. A general methodology based on a simplified yet reliable one‐dimensional flow model, together with continuous measurements of groundwater levels in observation wells, enables analysis of aquifer structural and hydraulic properties. Furthermore, this analysis enables prediction of future groundwater levels in unconfined and confined aquifers due to future changes in lake levels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)893-902
Number of pages10
JournalWater Resources Research
Volume31
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1995

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