Arab and jewish students' attitudes towards multiculturalism in Israel: The moderating role of ethnic identity

Marina Goroshit, Meirav Hen, Eran Kraus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Israeli society presents a particularly interesting case of multicultural existence. The relations between Arabs and Jews are the most difficult and sensitive among the different groups in Israel, due to the ongoing Jewish -Palestinian historical conflict. Higher education campuses in Israel serve as socialization agencies where students from both ethnic groups share a mutual learning environment and need to cooperate in a predominant Jewish milieu. The present study examined group differences in general and specific attitudes towards multiculturalism. In addition the moderating role of ethnic identity in the effect of ethnic group on attitudes toward general and specific multiculturalism was studied. Results indicated group differences in general and specific attitudes towards multiculturalism. Jewish students have more positive attitudes toward general multiculturalism and more negative attitudes toward specific multiculturalism than Arab students. In addition a moderating effect of ethnic identity on ethnic group attitudes toward specific multiculturalism was found. These findings suggest the importance of understanding college climate at interpersonal and institutional levels and of assessing impact for both majority and minority students.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)303-309
Number of pages7
JournalMediterranean Journal of Social Sciences
Volume4
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Arab students
  • Ethnic identity
  • Jewish students
  • Multiculturalism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (all)
  • Social Sciences (all)
  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance (all)

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