Arthroscopic rotator interval closure in shoulder instability repair: A retrospective study

Ofir Chechik, Eran Maman, Oleg Dolkart, Morsi Khashan, Lior Shabtai, Gabriel Mozes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


Background: Arthroscopic Bankart repair (ABR) is a standard treatment for recurrent anterior shoulder instability. Young age, hyperlaxity, loss of bone stock and multidirectional or voluntary type of instability are all associated with failure of this procedure. Rotator interval laxity is associated with shoulder instability, whereas rotator interval closure increases humeral head stability and reduces shoulder range of motion. Methods: The records of patients with recurrent anterior shoulder dislocations who underwent ABR with or without arthroscopic rotator interval closure (ARIC) in our department between 1999 and 2007 were reviewed. Rates of recurrent dislocation or symptomatic subluxation as well as functional outcome were evaluated using Walch-Dupley score. Results: Three (8.1%) of the 37 ABR+ARIC patients (age 19-44 years, 32 males) had re-dislocated their shoulder at 42±16 months following the procedure, all of which had systemic joint hyperlaxity. Six (13%) of the 46 ABR patients (age 19-39 years, 42 males) had re-dislocated their shoulder at 13±14 months, three of which had systemic joint hyperlaxity and dislocated their shoulder within 1 year following the operation. Systemic joint hyperlaxity (28% of ABR and 41% of ABR+ARIC patients) was significantly associated with recurrent dislocation and poor functional outcome. ABR+ARIC patients had slightly more limited range of motion with similar good and excellent functional results (75%) at final follow up time. Conclusions: Systemic joint hyperlaxity is a risk factor for failure of ABR. When ARIC is performed in combination with ABR, it may have an additive effect on shoulder stability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1056-1062
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Arthroscopy
  • Bankart repair
  • Dislocation
  • Hyperlaxity
  • Level III Retrospective Case Control Treatment Study.
  • Rotator interval
  • Shoulder

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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