A 30-residue peptide, BS30, which incorporates two proline residues to induce reverse turns, was designed to form a triple-stranded β-sheet monolayer at the air-water interface. To discern the structural role of proline, a second peptide, BS30G, identical to BS30 but with glycine residues replacing proline, was prepared and examined in parallel fashion. Surface pressure-molecular area isotherms indicated a limiting area per molecule (ca. 460 Å2) for BS30 that corresponds well to that estimated from the known dimensions of crystalline β-sheet monolayers (492 Å2). Comparable measurements on BS30G yielded a smaller molecular area (380 Å2). Grazing incidence X-ray diffraction measurements performed on the BS30 monolayer at nominal area per molecule of 500 Å2, exhibited two Bragg peaks corresponding to 4.79 and 34.9 Å spacings, consistent with formation of triple-stranded β-sheet structures that assemble into two-dimensional crystallites at the air-water interface. Visualized by Brewster angle microscopy, BS30 monolayers displayed uniform, solidlike domains, whereas BS30G appeared to be disordered.
|Number of pages||2|
|Journal||Journal of the American Chemical Society|
|State||Published - 14 Aug 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemistry (all)
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry