Association between apolipoprotein E4 and rehabilitation outcome in hospitalized ischemic stroke patients

Iuly Treger, Paul Froom, Haim Ring, Gideon Friedman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To determine the value of apolipoprotein E4 (APOE*E4) allele in predicting discharge impairment and disability in ischemic stroke patients after acute rehabilitation. Design: Prospective study comparing results of rehabilitation in patients with different APOE genotypes. Setting: Acute neurologic rehabilitation department in Israel. Participants: One hundred one consecutive patients 75 years old or less with a first ischemic stroke. Interventions: Not applicable. Main Outcome Measure: Impairment, as measured by the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS), and disability, as assessed with the FIM™ instrument. Results: On admission, there was no significant difference in the FIM or NIHSS measurements between the apo E4 group and other patients, but the prevalence of aphasia was 2.07 times more frequent in those with the APOE*E4 genotype (95% confidence interval, 0.98-4.4). A logistic regression model demonstrated that score measurements on admission were highly predictive of the NIHSS score at discharge (receiver operator curve=96.1%), whereas the presence of the APOE*E4 genotype did not add significantly to the model in predicting poorer rehabilitation treatment outcome as measured by the FIM or the NIHSS. Conclusions: The presence of the apo E4 allele did not predict a poorer outcome of rehabilitation treatment after ischemic stroke, but it was associated with an increased prevalence of aphasia. Further studies are warranted to confirm this association.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)973-976
Number of pages4
JournalArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume84
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Apolipoproteins E
  • Rehabilitation
  • Stroke
  • Treatment outcome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation

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