Association between delivery of a small-for-gestational-age neonate and long-term maternal cardiovascular morbidity

Gali Pariente, Eyal Sheiner, Roy Kessous, Sherf Michael, Ilana Shoham-Vardi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective To investigate whether delivering a small-for-gestational-age (SGA) newborn is a risk factor for subsequent long-term maternal cardiovascular morbidity. Methods Data were analyzed from consecutive pregnant women who delivered at Soroka University Medical Center, Beer-Sheva, Israel, between 1988 and 1999, and were followed-up retrospectively until 2010. Long-term cardiovascular morbidity was compared among women with and without SGA neonates. Results During the study period, 47 612 deliveries met the inclusion criteria, and 4411 (9.3%) women delivered an SGA neonate. Delivery of an SGA neonate was a risk factor for long-term complex cardiovascular events, including congestive heart failure, hypertensive heart and kidney disease, and acute cor pulmonale (odds ratio [OR], 2.3; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.3-4.4; P = 0.006); and long-term cardiovascular mortality (OR, 3.4; 95% CI, 1.5-7.6; P = 0.006). Women who delivered an SGA neonate had a significantly higher risk for cardiovascular mortality during the follow-up period (Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, P = 0.002). Delivery of an SGA neonate remained an independent risk factor for long-term maternal cardiovascular mortality (Cox multivariable regression: adjusted hazard ratio, 3.5; 95% CI, 1.5-8.2; P = 0.004). Conclusion Delivery of an SGA neonate is an independent risk factor for long-term cardiovascular morbidity in a follow-up period of more than 10 years.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)68-71
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Volume123
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2013

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular
  • Maternal mortality
  • Morbidity-Small for gestational age

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