Healthcare resource utilization peaks throughout the first year following acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Data linking the former and outcomes are sparse. We evaluated the associations between subsequent length of in-hospital stay (SLOS) and primary ambulatory visits (PAV) within the first year after AMI and long-term mortality. This retrospective analysis included patients who were discharged following an AMI. Study groups: low (0–1 days), intermediate (2–7) and high (≥8 days) SLOS; low (<10) and high (≥10 visits) PAV, throughout the first post-AMI year. All-cause mortality was set as the primary outcome. Overall, 8112 patients were included: 55.2%, 23.4% and 21.4% in low, intermediate and high SLOS groups respectively; 26.0% and 74.0% in low and high-PAV groups. Throughout the follow-up period (up to 18 years), 49.6% patients died. Multivariable analysis showed that an increased SLOS (Hazard ratio (HR) = 1.313 and HR = 1.714 for intermediate and high vs. low groups respectively) and a reduced number of PAV (HR = 1.24 for low vs. high groups) were independently associated with an increased risk for mortality (p < 0.001 for each). Long-term mortality following AMI is associated with high hospital and low primary ambulatory services utilization throughout the first-year post-discharge. Measures focusing on patients with increased SLOS and reduced PAV should be considered to improve patient outcomes.
- Acute myocardial infarction
- Healthcare resource utilization
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Medicine (all)