Asymmetric color image encryption and compression based on discrete cosine transform in Fresnel domain

Eakta Kumari, Saurabh Mukherjee, Phool Singh, Ravi Kumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


In this paper, a new asymmetric method is presented to encrypt and compress color images using discrete cosine transform in Fresnel domain. First, the input color image is decomposed into three channels: red, green and blue. Each channel image is converted into phase image and bonded with an amplitude mask followed by Fresnel transform to get the complex intermediate image. Phase reservation (PR) and phase truncation (PT) operation are performed on the intermediate image. Thereafter, a random phase mask is bonded with the amplitude part and the phase part serves as of the first private key for decryption. The complex image is Fresnel propagated followed by the second PR and PT operation. Phase part serve as another private key and the discrete cosine transform is applied on the amplitude part of each red, green and blue channel to get the corresponding compressed encrypted images. The final compressed color encrypted image is obtained by combining the encrypted images of all three channels. In the decryption process, encrypted image is decomposed in red, green and blue channel and lost data in each channel is replaced by zeros. Each channel is subject to inverse discrete cosine transform and cascaded PT/PR operations with Fresnel propagation in reverse directions and recombined to get the original image. Numerical simulation results are presented to validate the proposed method. Also, the robustness of the proposed method is checked against various existing attacks and a comparative analysis confirms the effectiveness of our method.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100005
JournalResults in Optics
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Discrete cosine transform
  • Fourier transform
  • Fresnel propagation
  • Optical encryption

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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