AimsAtrial fibrillation (AF) and heart failure (HF) commonly coexist, and each adversely affects the other. The aim of the study was to prospectively evaluate the impact of AF and its subtypes on management, and early and long-term outcome of hospitalized HF patients.Methods and resultsData were prospectively collected on HF patients hospitalized in all public hospitals in Israel as part of a national survey (HFSIS). Atrial fibrillation patients were subdivided into intermittent and chronic AF subgroups. During March-April 2003, we enrolled 4102 HF patients, of whom 1360 (33.2) had AF [600 (44.1) intermittent, 562 (41.3) chronic]. Patients with AF were older (76.9 ± 10.5 vs. 71.7 ± 12.6 years, P = 0.0001), males, with preserved LV systolic function. Crude mortality rates for AF patients were progressively and consistently higher during hospitalization and during the 4-year follow-up period, especially in the chronic AF group (P = 0.0001). After covariate adjustment, AF was associated with increased 1-year mortality [HR 1.19, 95 CI (1.03-1.36)].ConclusionAF was present in a third of hospitalized HF patients, and identified a population with increased mortality risk, largely due to co-morbidities.
- Atrial fibrillation
- Heart failure