Atrial Tachycardia Originating in the Vicinity of the Noncoronary Sinus of Valsalva: Report of a Series Including the First Case of Ablation-Related Complete Atrioventricular Block

Michael Barkagan, Yoav Michowitz, Aharon Glick, Oholi Tovia-Brodie, Raphael Rosso, Bernard Belhassen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: A few series of focal atrial tachycardia (AT) originating from the noncoronary sinus of Valsalva (NCSV) have been reported in the literature during the last decade. Methods and Results: Of 147 patients with AT referred for radiofrequency ablation (RFA), we identified nine (6%) originating in the vicinity of the NCSV. Clinical AT was induced during electrophysiological study in all patients without (n = 6) and with (n = 3) isoproterenol infusion. Mean cycle length of the induced tachycardia was 399 ± 85 ms. Mapping of the right atrium and of the left atrium (LA) was initially performed in all nine patients and in four patients, respectively. Earliest tachycardia activation occurred at the His bundle area in all cases. Earliest activations in the LA were at the low paraseptal regions. In two patients with antegrade dual atrioventricular (AV) node physiology that rendered difficult accurate distinction between atrial and ventricular activation, slow pathway ablation was necessary. A retrograde aortic approach was used for mapping the aortic cusps. The earliest local atrial activation in the NCSV preceded the atrial activation in the His area in all patients by 27 ± 8 ms. RFA was performed in all nine patients and was acutely successful in eight. Two patients required radiofrequency (RF) energy outputs of 50 W in order to terminate the arrhythmia. In one patient, successful AT ablation was associated with complete AV block requiring implantation of permanent pacemaker. Conclusions: Focal AT can be successfully mapped and ablated in the NCSV. Higher than usual RF energy levels are sometimes required. Complete AV block is a possible complication.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1165-1173
Number of pages9
JournalPACE - Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology
Volume39
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • atrial tachycardia
  • noncoronary sinus of Valsalva
  • radiofrequency ablation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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